The purpose of a trial is to determine whether or not the defendant is guilty or not guilty of the charges filed against him/her. If the defendant were to plea guilty, a trial does not happen. It is the decision of the defendant whether it is a trial by jury (12 people selected from the jury pool of citizens on jury duty) or a bench trial (Judge only, no jury). If trial by jury, the jury decides guilt or innocence of the defendant. A finding of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt has to be a unanimous vote by all 12 jurors. The jury is then released. The Judge who presides over the jury trial determines the sentence on a later date. If a verdict of not guilty is found, the case ends there and no further court hearings are needed.